|Unrestrained and vigorous, Dolan is an ancient Uygur folk dance popular in Maikeiti, Bachu, Shache, and Awati along the Yarkant River.|
Dolan is an ancient name for Uygurs living in several places in the Tarim Basin. With bravery, diligence, wisdom and strength, they created an oasis on the edge of the
Taklimakan Desert. Many people living in Maikeiti,
Bachu and Awati still call themselves Dolan people
and the place they live, Dolan.
Dolan is said to describe hunting. "Call to the hunt"
is followed by "searching for the prey with torches,"
"brave fight with the animal," "dauntless pursuit,"
"encirclement" and "joy over the triumph." From the vigorous mime for shooting arrows we can visualize the hard life Dolan people led in the past. However,
some people say this dance depicts a battle. Dolan has preserved most of its original characteristics.
The best performance of Dolan is found in Red Flag Township in Maikeiti, where men and women, young and old, love
to dance it. A couple dance, Dolan has four sets of dance
movements, ending with a turning competition.
After a good harvest people hold a party on a floodlit basketball playground. They sit in a circle while
the dancers perform Dolan in the centre. First, some people
sing a prelude, then while the drummers beat the drums
vigorously, people rise to their feet to choose partners and start the dance (men and women usually dance separately).
As the beat quickens, the dance becomes more exciting.
Sometimes the couples touch at the shoulders, then separate
like a whirlwind. The two dancers spin facing each other,
then separate to vie with each other in a stunning display of turns. Finally one person remains, spinning to right and left as the spectators clap, raise their thumbs and shout, "Wu si ta! (Skilled dancer!)" The dance comes to an exciting and exuberant end.
The most outstanding movements are a broad lunge and a
bending and shivering of the knees. The lunge is a quick step or a dash, while the shivering movement is a bending and stretching of the knee that goes through the whole dance. These characteristic movements reflect the Dolan people's past work and life in rugged mountain areas, swamps and desert.
Kalun, Dolan rawap, Dolan olijak, tambourines and other
ancient folk instruments are used for accompaniment. Kalun, a plucked stringed instrument, is the principal instrument, producing fascinating music. Dolan rawap, another plucked stringed instrument, has a mellow tone. The olijak is a bowed four-stringed instrument. The tambourines play a particularly important role in the accompaniment. When the dance reaches its climax, the players often hold the tambourines overhead and beat them with their palms to inspire the dancers.