|A Uygur group dance at festivals and grand gatherings,
Xadiyana is popular throughout Xinjiang, particularly in
Xadiyana in the Uygur language means "joy." At every
New Year or other festival, Uygurs like to gather together and dance to the accompaniment of suona horns and iron drums. Xadiyana is the joyous finale. People also dance Xadiyana in celebration, so it is called the joyful dance.
Xadiyana is free and lively in form with no limit as to number of participants. It is characterized by light movements and unconventional formations, Everybody dances freely according to his own inclination, hopping lightly on alternate feet. The hand movements are also very simple. Usually the dancer raises his arms high and revolves his palms quickly.
The melodies for Xadiyana vary in length and may be repeated freely according to the occasion. The music in Kashi is joyous and grand; in Maikeiti, forceful and deep like march music.
Choice of instruments is not strict as to type and number.
Short and long suona horns, pairs of iron drums with different tones and large and small tambourines create a lively sound, but the music produced by stringed instruments and tambourines is no less thrilling. The drumbeat is versatile. People usually judge the skill of a drummer by his performance in Xadiyana.