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History and Culture

    Kunming,located in the southwestem border are of China,has a very long history and a developed culture.
  The discovery of the fossils of"Kunming Man", believed to have lived in the Old Stone Age about 31,000 years ago, testifies to the fact that our forefathers have laboured,lived and multiplied on this land from ancient times. "kunming Man"marked the beginning of Kunming's long history. Since the construction of"Wuchi Dao" (a five-foot-wide-path) duringthe Qin Dynasty and the Southern Silk Road connecting interior China with Yunnan,Ynnan has been an integral part of the country.Tuodong Town of the Nanahao Kingdom was built on the site of present-day Kunming during the Tang Dynasty.Dongsi Pagoda and Xisi Pagoda were erected during that time.Shanchan Town of Dali Kingdom was built on the site of present_day Kunming during the Song Dynasty.A stone pillar inscribed with Buddhist scripture in Dizang Temple is a good reminder of the prosperity of that time.According to Marco Polo's travel accounts,Kunming,then called"Yachi",was a magnificent city during the Yuan Dynasty.The Double Pagoda was erected in Dade Temple at that time.Brick walls were built around the city during the Ming Dynasty.Built at that time were Jingang Pagoda in Guangdu,Double Pagoda in Miaozhan Temple and the Memorial Archways of Golden Home and Peacock.Yongle Big Bronze Bell in Xuanhua Mansion and the Golden Hall in Taihe Palace were also cast at that time.Kunming Prefecture was established during the Qing Dynasty.Daguan Pavilion was constructed at that time.On its lakeside,two long couplet inscriptions of 180 Chinese characters flank an entrance way.Allthese have been recorded in historical documents and they are all extant. Everyone can see clearly the historical evolution of Kunming and the historical ties between the culture of Southwest China and that of Central China from all these.
  In modern times,the history of Kunming is more splendid.The relics of the past glory can be seen everywhere in and outside Kunming: the site where the Yunnan Military Academy used to be;the Monument in memory of the upeising against Yuan Shi-Kai,a stone tablet with an inscription presented by Marshal Zhu De to the Abbot of Tanhua Temple and the relics of the Red Army during their Long March through Kunming,the site of the former National Southwest Associated University and the cenotaph of Wen Yi-duo,a democratic personage.

Local Specialities
       Kunming boasts rich resources.The ethnic groups, each with its own unique lifestyle and standard of beauty,have creatcd many unique specialities. The ethnic arts and crafts, cigarettes, medicine, tea, jewelry, embroidery and local snacks are most pooular among visitors. Bornite wares are unique metal arts and crafts produced in Yunnan. They have a graceful shape, looking classic and dignified. The natural bornite has stains and spots on the surface, showing a beautiful picture against a golden yellow background.
  Yunnan tea is finely made, good in quality, and has a good assrtmnent.Popular products include Dianhong, Dianliu, puercha, Tuocha and Qizhibing.
  The City of Spring plants many varieties of flowers all the year round.Now total number amounts to 400. Camellia, "messanger of Spring", magnolia, azalea lily, orchid, "luronghao" and rough gentia are eight well-known flowers. The camellia is the city flower of Kunming.
  Snacke in Kunming are good and cheap. Tourists have many choices.Major snacks include cross-the-bridge rice noodles, four-flavour backwheat bread, stewed bean curd, bamboo-tube rice, pineapple purple, and etc.

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