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based on material from China Tourism Magazine Monthly by National Tourism Administration of China

Why did Qin Shi Huang decide to use the warriors and horses as funerary objects? Morgon, the anthropologist, said that the objects a person regarded as most valuable in his lifetime would be buried as funerary objects along with the person when he died so that he would continue to enjoy them in the underworld. Historically, phalanxes are formed in line with military tactics. Using such formations in the funeral first appeared in the building of the tomb of Qin Shi Huang. Mrs.Reagan said it was incredible to see that the formation made up of 6,000 warriors and horses were meant to protect the owner of the tomb. The reason Qin Shi Huang used the life-size figurines had to unify the whole of China. This is why he wanted to lead his army to the nether world to protect his spirit and perpetuate his rule.

Pit No.2 covering 6,000 square meters and containing 1,400 figurines, consists of four small formations arranged in an L shape. Pit No.3, covering 520 square meters and containing 68 figurines, is the site of the army's command post. The terracotta warriors here are somewhat different form those in Pits No.1 and No.2 and posted as guards. The three pits lie in the pattern of a pyramid, one of them on the south and the two others on the north. Some experts suggest that the three pits form an integrated whole, which symbolizes the imperial army guarding Qin Shi Huang's mausoleum from its east side. The reason is obvious because the conquered states were all lying east of Qin.

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